Watching for signs of substance abuse is particularly important when you are a parent. However, any relative or friend of a person who may be likely to abuse drugs or alcohol should know what signs might appear. There are some common signs for any kind of substance abuse that a person may notice. Each particular substance, though, has some specific signs that you may be able to detect in a person’s behavior or appearance.
Types of Symptoms
Substance abusers show signs that they are using narcotics or alcohol. These signs can be grouped into two categories. Medical signs of substance abuse are often physically visible. However they appear, they represent actual physical damage done somewhere in the body. Sometimes they are seen in actions but they are due to damage to the brain.read more about symptoms of alcohol on : http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov
Medical Signs of Substance Abuse
Tolerance for the substance is one of these physical signs. As the body becomes accustomed to the drug or alcohol, it needs more in order for the user to get the same effects felt the first time that he or she abused a particular substance. What results is the user takes larger and larger doses in order to achieve the same high.
There are many other signs of substance abuse. Some are more prominent immediately after use and some become permanent. For example, users of various substances will have extremely dilated pupils and/or bloodshot eyes after taking something. Weight gain or, more likely, weight loss are more lasting signs of substance abuse in the life of a man or woman.read more about recover after treatment on :visit
Behavioral Signs of Substance Abuse
Substance abuse also changes the way that a person acts. Many times, these are the first signs that people around a user may notice. This is particularly telling for parents, though adolescents can also experience sudden behavior changes due to other factors as well. Nevertheless, personalities can alter considerably not only when a person is under the influence of a substance but also in the wake of its effects and due to changes in social settings.
Examples of such changes in behavior can include marked aggression, unexplained lethargy and notable depression. These changes in behavior can snowball and create other changes. For instance, a youth exposed to alcohol may become more aggressive during periods of drinking and then during daily life as well, due to social influences or simple changed perceptions.
One long-term way to see behavioral changes is in the changing priorities of the individual. Suddenly a good student starts skipping class or a famously punctual worker arrives late all the time.
Substance abusers also treat money differently. Though they were very careful with money, users will be suddenly willing to spend exorbitant amounts on their chosen substance.
Alternately, people who will normally spend a great deal of money socially will suddenly have none to spare because they are spending it all on drugs.click here to read more.
Types of Substances
These are good guides to understanding signs of substance abuse. However, it helps parents, friends and others to know more specific signs about certain substances. After all, if you are the middle-class parent of a suburban teen, the substance abuse is more likely to be alcohol or marijuana rather than cocaine or heroin. Inner city parents may have distinct preoccupations.
The primary sign that you should look for with alcohol abuse is the smell, which is unmistakable.
Besides smell, you can also look for small burns on the fingertips when marijuana use is suspected.
Meth abusers have a paranoid attitude and tend to twitch a lot.
Look for needle tracks on the arms.
There are many more drugs but these are some of the most common. You should also familiarize yourself with the side effects of any prescription drugs that a person has in the house or nearby during his or her daily life. Abuse of prescription drugs has increased significantly.